Park is one of the oldest and best preserved ancient
imperial gardens located in the core of Beijing, which
was first built about 1000 years ago during the Liao
Dynasty and extended in the dynasties following. Most
of the constructions were built during Qing Emperor
Qianlong's reign. Most people're attracted to visit
Beihai Park because of its renowned White Dagoba on
the Jade Flowery Islet (Qionghua Islet) when travel
to Beijing or even when they are doing a tour nearby.
Beihai Park is an exhibition of traditional Chinese
garden-sculpting and a typical imperial garden designed
according to the philosophy of "One Pool and Three
Hills" with the three hills being "Penglai",
"Yingzhou" and "Fangzhang" where
immortals dwelling to the east of Bohai Bay. In the
dynastic China, almost every dynasty would built a royal
garden in this theory because emperors believed that
immortals living on the three hills had magic medicine
to make humans possess immortality.
The Park was first opened to the public
in 1925, then it was placed under State Council protection
in 1961 as one of the most important cultural sites.
Beihai Park covers an area of 69 hectares with the lake
occupying 39 hectares, more than a half of its toral
size. The main complexes are composed of Qionghua Islet,
Circular City, North and East shore area, and Arboretum.
The Circular City is connected by Yong'an Bridge leading
its way to the north with Qionghua Islet. The White
Dagoba is a 40 meters highTibetan style sutpa on the
islet, of which the body is made of white stone. The
indepentent Haopujian along the east shore was for the
emperors to watch fish and treat his high court officials,
while the Huafangzhai was the emperor's residence and
his studio. Along the north shore are Five Dragon Pavilions,
Jinxinzhai and Xiaoxitian.
most famous spot in Beihai Park is the Nine-Dragon Screen
which is very unique and one of the three in China with
he other two in the Forbidden City and Datong. The screen
is 6.65 meters high, 1.42 meters thich and 25.86 meters
long, built 424 glazed color bricks. On each side of
the screen there are nine huge exquisite dragon rilievos
and other small ones all over the screen, which makes
the total number of the dragons 635. Five Dragon Pavilions
are five pavilions jointed together by bridges along
the west shore of the Beihai Park. Xiaoxitian is a group
of buildings which was built during emperor Qianlong's
reign for his mother's birthday. Jingxinzhai is an independent
yard where the emperor used to live occassionally. Here's
some guide information of Beijing Beihai Park
Cloud Taoist Temple
Center "Water Cube"
Stadium "Bird's Nest"