China Museum of Telecommunications
China Museum of Telecommunications houses
a relics exhibition, demonstrates the latest in science and
technology, and is also venue for popular science education.
This museum is the first of its kind in the information and
The exhibition halls are distributed over
three floors. The Comprehensive Hall, on the first floor,
mainly exhibits achievements in the telecommunications field
since reform and opening-up, and its role within the development
of society, as well as its exchanges and cooperation with
The Telephone Card Hall -- the card-collector's
best choice -- on the same floor, exhibits all manner of magnetic
and IC cards that have been collected throughout China, all
of which were issued by China Telecom.
The Telecommunications History Hall, with
over a thousand tools of telecommunication collected over
the past 20 years, contains a comprehensive display of China's
telecommunications history and its magnificent achievements
made throughout its 3,000 years of history.
At the Ancient Telecommunications Exhibition,
one will see the spectacle of the beacon tower, and how, when
lit, it was used to send messages, and raise the alarm, thus
giving an explanation of its principles, whereby sound and
light signals were the means of message transmission. The
Posts and Mail Service Exhibition focuses on the transfer
of messages in kind, as well as on the modern state postal
service, and makes full and accurate use of authentic cultural
relics and materials.
In 1837, Morse, an American, invented the
first telegraph, a device for transmitting messages through
an electric current, which ushered in a new era in telecommunications
history. It was 44 years later that this technology spread
to China. The museum collection contains several kinds of
telegraphs from different periods, as well as a model of a
Qing Dynasty telegraph operator using the Morse telegraph.
In the telegraph unit may be seen a set
of telephone exchange equipment, introduced by courtesy of
the USA West Electrical Equipment Company during the late
Qing Dynasty, and installed in the Summer Palace. It was hand
operated, and used for internal Qing court connections. It
The numerous ancient telephones in this
hall include a typical Western style telephone, but painted
yellow, emblematic of China's imperial power, and decorated
with dragons. According to textual research, it was manufactured
in Norway and presented to the Qing government as a gift.
The Popular Science Hall, on the third floor,
is a favorite with young people. In contrast to the historical
exhibition on the second floor, it exhibits large-scale mechanical
automation facilities, and also smaller models and objects.
Through the various projects displayed, a vivid, audio-visual
presentation of telecommunications may be observed, and a
better understanding of the basic principles of data, microwave,
mobile, satellite and optical fiber communications gained.
The videophone, and surfing on the Internet, are the means
by which the wonders of modern telecommunications technology
may be seen with one's own eyes.
Apart from all these exhibitions, there
is also a news release hall open to the public, with a seating
capacity of 200, equipped with advanced lighting and sound
equipment, and attendants on hand to explain and assist.