Why Beijing is Known
as a "City of an Eightarmed Nezha"?
learned from quite some people that the city of Beijing
was shaped like an "Eight-armed Nezha", why
is it so? Fictitious novel has it that Nezha, the Red
Boy, is very forceful and brave. Only he is able to
subdue the evil dragon in "Youzhou, the Sea of
The story goes like this; one day
the emperor wants to build a city round Beijing. Nobody
from the Board of Works dares to take up the job and
has to invite imperial advisers out to make the decision.
And so Liu Bowen, the chief adviser and Yao Guangxiao,
the deputy are given the imperial order to carry out
the work, but the two of them have different schemes
in minds. So stands the case they agree to work out
the respective blueprint of their own and pit them against
each other ten days afterwards. Returning home they
begin to rack their brains. However, they seem to have
heard somebody whispering by the ear, "work it
out after me and it'll do." Seeing nobody's nearby
they seem to have lost in quandary. On the 3 rd day
when Liu Bowen is out prospectingn he finds s boy in
red shirt and pants following him while keeping a distance
in between. And Yao Guangxing comes across the same
boy when out on the survey that day. Pondering over
the matter for some time they think the boy must be
Nezha. However, on a second thought, it's not the Red
Boy for he should have eight arms. One day afterwards,
when Liu ia out with a butler he sees again the boy
he saw the other day. Recognizing the very boy Nezha,
he follows close by him, hearing again "work it
out after me and it'll do". Gazing ahead, he can't
find the boy anymore. Yao Guangxiao meers with the same
case when he is out prospecting on the very day.
noon the 10th day, Liu and Yao begin to make a comparison
of the blueprints as agreed upon. After a while of back-to-back
drawing, the blueprints turn out exactly the same pattern,
a "City of an Eightarmed Nezha", The due-south
Zhengyang Gate in the middle is the very head of the
Red Boy, the two doors on the east and west of the jarred
cit his two ears while the two wells inside the gate
are the two eyes of him. As to the four gates of Chongwenmen,
Dongbianmen, Chaoyangmen and Dongzhimen they are the
left four arms of the Boy while Xuanwumen, Xibianmen,
Fuchengmen and Xizhimen are the four arms on the right.
The Forbidden City is the intenal organs of the Boy
with the Tiananmen Gate as the inlet. The flat pavement
in the middle of the Forbidden City is the esophagus
for Nwzha while the two passages running north and south
on the right and left are the two large ribs and lanes
the small ones. When thus decided, Liu Bowen begins
to lay out the city according to the design. This is
how the name "City of an Eight-armed Nezha"
for Beijing came to be known in the public.
Cloud Taoist Temple
Center "Water Cube"
Stadium "Bird's Nest"