Why the "Capital
City" is again called "Spring Brightness"?
you've learned that some people call the "Capital
City", for example Beijing as the "Spring
Brighrness" or "Chunming" in Chinese.
Actually, the "Spring Brightness" being used
to substitute the expression of "capital city",
"imperial city" or "national capital"
has gone over a long time in history.
To make it clear, it must be traced
back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907). At that time, the
middle of the eastern city gate of the capital city
Chang'an, was then known as "Chunming" and
ever since, quite some literati and men of letters of
ensuing dynasties used the expression "Chunming"
as a substitute for the "capital city". For
instance, a book entitled the "Notes after imperial
audience in capital city", known im Chinese Romanization
as "Chunming Tuichaolu" written by Song Minqiu
of the Song Dynasty and "Aftermath of a dream in
capital city" by Sun Chengze of the Qing Dynasty,
known in Chinese Romanization as "Chunming Mengyulu",
the contents of the two books being all about the figures
and scenic attractions in the capital city.
the 1911 Revolution, the expression "Chunming"
or "Spring Brightness" was still used as a
substitute for the capital city-Beijing. The "Informal
Record of the Capital City" or known as "Chunming
Waishi", a novel by Zhang Henshui, and the "New
History of the Capital City" or known as "Chunming
Xinshi" all depict the stories taking place in
the capital city of Beijing. Deng Cuiying, a lieutenant
in the headquarters of the National Army under the command
of General Feng Yuxiang once ran a girla' middle school
in Beijing and it was called the "Girls' School
in Chunming". Still more, a restaurant by the side
of the then "Central Park" which is now known
as Zhongshan Park was named "Chunming Guan"
or "Shanglin Chun". "Chunming Guan"
means "restaurant in the capital city" and
"Shanglin" srands for "imperial garden".
Autographed by Qianlong, "A
Clear Fine Day Snowscape in Western Hills" constitutes
one of the "Eight Scenic Attractions in Yanjing".
And on the backside of the stele is a poem by him to
echo the inscription at the front, the first sentence
of it being "On the hill a smart scene sets off
the scenery in Chunming". In the sentence, the
expression "Smart Scene" and "Chunming"
or the "Spring Brightness" set off each other,
implying that "A Clear Fine Day Snowscape in Western
Hills" is one of the "Eight Scenic Attractions
in Yanjing" in the capital city.